CHRISTOLOGY

2005-2006

LESSON FIFTEEN

 

 

I.                    The Several Stages of Christ’s Humiliation and Exaltation (con’d)

F.                  The Resurrection of Christ (p. 320 et. seq.)

1.                  The efficient cause of the resurrection, per Scripture:

a.                   The Father

(1)               Ro 6:4.

(2)               Eph 1:20.

b.                  Christ Himself

(1)               Jn 2:19,21.

(2)               Jn 10:17,18.

(3)               Proves His divinity (Jn 5:17-19)

c.                   Those passages ascribing the resurrection to Father.

(1)               Refer to our Savior as the Mediator between God and man, upon whom our sins were laid.

(2)               Is 53:6.

(3)               Jn 1:29.

(4)               Therefore had delivered Him into death for sins of all men.

(5)               Ro 4:25.

(6)               1Co 15:3.

2.                  If Father raised Him from the dead, resurrection then:

a.                   Declared that sins of all men fully expiated (atoned for).

b.                  Is the actual absolution pronounced upon all sinners.

c.                   Is the “objective justification” of all.

d.                  “Subjective justification” takes place through faith.

e.                   Ro 4:24.

3.                  He arose in the same body which He assumed from Mary and which was subjected to suffering and death.

a.                   Proven by word “resurrection”, itself.

b.                  Also by His showing His glorified resurrected body.

c.                   Jn 20:20-27.

4.                  His glorified resurrected body had different attributes before and after the resurrection.

a.                   In state of humiliation, subject to earthly conditions of subsistence (e.g. eating).

b.                  After resurrection, eating not done for nourishment, but to identify the risen body with the body slain.

5.                  The stone of the sepulcher.

a.                   Christ came to His disciples clausa ianua (closed doors).

b.                  Also arose clauso sepulchro (closed sepulcher).

c.                   Rolling away to show the empty tomb – Mt 28:2.

d.                  He had already risen – Mt 28:6.

e.                   Reformed teach purpose was His release, not exposition (due to teaching of local mode only).

G.                 The Forty Days between Christ’s Resurrection and Ascension (p. 323 et. seq.)

1.                  During this period, He predicates of Himself two seemingly contradictory things.

a.                   He is no longer with the disciples: Lk 24:44.

b.                  He is still with them: Lk 24:39,40.

2.                  He was no longer with them per the mode of an earthly, visible body.

a.                   He came to them according to His invisible, illocal presence.

b.                  Jn 20:19 – door was shut.

c.                   Lk 24:31 – He vanished.

d.                  No longer needed sustenance; partook only to prove He was the risen Savior (Lk 24:41-43).

3.                  Purpose of His appearances.

a.                   He did appear to them frequently, e.g.

(1)               Ac 1:3.

(2)               Jn 21:14.

b.                  First purpose: to confirm their faith in His resurrection.

c.                   Secondly: to given them instructions concerning God’s kingdom.

d.                  Both stated in Ac 1:3.

e.                   Special subject was the witness of the Old Testament re: His Person and office.

(1)               Lk 24:25-27.

(2)               Lk 24:44,45.

 

 

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