I. The Sacerdotal Office of Christ in the State of Humiliation (con’d)
A. The Sacrifice of Christ and the Old Testament Sacrifices (p. 378f)
1. Daily and annual sin offerings of Old Testament were types of the sacrifices of Christ: Heb 10:1a.
2. Old Testament sin offerings did not expiate sins: Heb 10:1b-4, 11.
3. Sins taken away by His sacrifice: Heb 10:10, 12, 14.
4. Old Testament sin offerings pointed to the objective expiation of sins to be wrought by Christ.
5. Old Testament animal blood prefigured His sacrifice.
6. They were divinely ordained means of grace by which the
atonement worked by Christ was presented to the Israelites.
7. Old Testament believer received forgiveness through right use of sin offering.
a. Reminded them of their sin.
b. Prefigured the sacrifice of Christ.
B. To Whom and For Whom did Christ Render Satisfaction? (p. 379, et. seq.)
1. He rendered satisfaction to God.
2. God’s holiness and righteousness demanded satisfaction.
3. Remember there is but one righteousness.
a. That of Father and of Son and of Spirit constitute only one and same righteousness.
b. There are not 3 righteousnesses.
c. Therefore, can say that Christ rendered the satisfaction to Himself also.
d. 2 Co 5:19: (literally) “That is [that] God was in Christ, [the] world reconciling to Himself,….”
4. For whom did He render satisfaction?
a. Not for Himself.
(1) Jn 1:29.
(2) 1Jn 2:2.
(3) 1Jn 4:10.
(4) 2Co 5:21.
(5) His active obedience was for mankind.
b. Not for the angels.
(1) The good ones did not need it.
(2) No salvation has been prepared for the evil ones.
(3) The restoration of all things (Ac 3:21) explained in Mt 17:11-13, i.e. is when men accept this testimony of the prophets and apostles.
c. He rendered satisfaction for all men, all mankind.
(1) It is both qualitatively and quantitatively perfect.
(2) Qualitatively: God fully reconciled with men by Christ’s work; no work of man, or merit, required.
(3) Quantitatively (or in extent): Not only those actually saved, but also those actually lost have been completely reconciled.
5. Would one drop of His blood have sufficed?
a. Question “has been ventilated” (Pieper, p. 331)
b. Rome says one drop sufficed and capitalizes the rest, the “surplus” merit of Christ, for their “purgatorial business” (Pieper, p. 381)
c. We say His blood has infinite value even in its smallest amount – not the quantity, but the quality endows it with infinite redemptive worth.
d. But, since He poured out His blood per the will and counsel of God, not one drop shed superfluously.
e. God knows best how much is required for this perfect vicarious satisfaction.
f. His death in Ro 5:10 includes the remainer of His work.
C. The Intercession of Christ (p. 382)
1. His sacerdotal office embraces the Old Testament type, e.g.
a. Ex 30:7,8.
b. Lev 16:12,13.
2. Also the offering of intercession for men
a. Is 53:12.
b. Included for all men, including the wicked e.g. Lk 23:34.
c. He intercedes as Head of the Church e.g. Jn 17:1,2,6,20,21,25,26.
d. His supplications for unbelievers is they may obtain the forgiveness gained for them.
e. For believers, it is that they may retain that forgiveness gained for them.
F, Jn 17:9: “solved” by 1Ti 4:10 (seeming contradiction.)
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